Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in Islamic Republic of Pakistan
27.04.2009 8:51
ENG O'ZB DON
















????????? ?? www.nbu.com

 

The Year of the Care for the Senior Generation

►1.5 trillion soums and $37.4 million utilized within the "Year of attention and care for the older generation"

The Ministry of Economy and the State Statistics Committee presented a report on the results of the socio-economic development of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the first half of 2015.

According to the data presented in the report, during the first half of this year, more than 70.8 thousand war veterans, including 2.9 thousand disabled veterans and 67.9 thousands of veterans of the labor front have passed medical examination within the state program "Year of attention and care for the older generation". More than 9 thousands of elder people were provided medical assistance in regional diversified medical centers. Hereby 203 demonstrative surgical operations carried out, more than 35 new methods of diagnosis and treatment implemented in regional health facilities.

At that, 1.5 trillion soums and $37.4 million utilized since the beginning of the year for the implementation of activities related to the State program "Year of attention and care for the older generation"(currency rates of CB RU from 30.07.2015   1$= 2575.18 soums).

(Source: UzReport.uz)

 

►On the right track to new achievements

The country has entered into the year 2015, proclaimed by the Uzbek leader as the Year of Care for the Older Generation.  “When determining the name of each year, - points out President Islam Karimov in his address to the 22nd anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, - we put high on the agenda the most topical and burning issues, as well as concrete noble tasks that are dictated by the times and the life. And these, undoubtedly, prove to be in tune with the expectations and aspirations of all our society”.

Thorough analysis and accurate assessment of the past and current transformations in the Republic of Uzbekistan make it possible to deduce that in determining the name of a year, which has already become a tradition, and in tackling strategic tasks of paramount importance, the country’s leaders have always proceeded and continue to proceed from the priority of observing the interests of society and the individual, its concrete member. In his works and addresses, President Islam Karimov frequently accentuates that “reforms in our country are carried out not for the sake of reforms, but in the interests of the man, first and foremost”. The name of 2015 and a whole spectrum of tasks to be solved this year are convincing testimony to such an approach. The entire state policy, including all the economic, social and other reforms, is aimed at ensuring the nation’s progressive economic development and the improvement of the living standards of its inhabitants. All these reforms have been launched not yesterday, but at the dawn of independence. It should be added at this point that it is a given well-considered and prescient policy, based on the domestically-created national model of economic growth, that has enabled the country to painlessly overcome lots of negative consequences of the recent global financial-economic crisis, whose “craters” are still smoking elsewhere.

No deed in the human life is, probably, more magnanimous than devoting attention to and taking care of the man.  It is associated with the norms of morals and ethics, which, in turn, constitute the pillars, supporting the entire society and creating conditions for its development.  Yan Amos Komensky, a famous Czech scientist and educational specialist, wrote: “What we mean by morals doesn’t include only outward proprieties, but the whole inner base of motives.” The ancient Greek philosopher, a person of encyclopedic learning and a founder of the science of logic, Aristhotel observed that “there is no other morality than that based on the principles of reason and arising from the man’s constitutional bias towards good.” Therefore, attention and care are categories peculiar to human beings only. There is one more interesting statement made by Michele de Montie, a French thinker of the Renaissance:  ”In everything and everywhere my eyes are enough for me to do my duty properly, and there is no other pair of eyes in the world that would watch me just as intently.”

Attention and care are notions that are actually wider than just making way for elders, giving up one’s place to them, helping with a neighbor’s housework or visiting hospitals. All these are commonplace actions in our life. Today, it is not only the elderly that are taken care of, but also children, grandchildren and all those who surround us. But devoting attention to and taking care of a separate individual at a family level is one thing, and doing this on a country scale – quite another. From the point of view of their content, these actions are identical. Where they do differ is in the way of their realization. On a country scale, putting them into practice depends, above all, on the state and level of economic development: the stronger and more self-sufficient the national economy is, the bigger its productive forces and more civilized its market relationships are, the higher the number of possibilities for the state to devote attention to and take care of its people.

It should be observed that giving attention to and taking care of people, and in the first place, the older generation, are not a function or a task of any separate person or a special authority, a kind of bank that allots credits. Society at large participates in these activities, which represent certain social norms of interaction between people. The efficient functioning of such norms depends on a stable and self-sufficient economy, on its capacity to earmark the budgetary wherewithal toward the cost of social projects.

For the time being, Uzbekistan enjoys a self-sufficient economy. The years of independence have seen an almost fivefold increase in the national economy. The per-capita income has risen 8.7-fold during this period. The state debt to the population is zero. In the past decade, the annual GDP growth rates have never fallen below 8 per cent. In the nine months of 2014, this indicator has reached 8.1 per cent. It is necessary to emphasize in this connection that such an impressive rate of economic growth has been achieved amidst the ongoing global financial-economic crisis.

Historical evidence suggests that in countries whose tottering economies develop at a slow pace, such phenomena as unemployment and poverty thrive, and the living standards of their inhabitants are low. In such an unstable economic situation, nobody can talk seriously about devoting special attention to and taking care of the young or the elderly.

In Uzbekistan, the posture of affairs on this front is quite different. In the entire period of the nation’s development as a sovereign state, its population numbers increased considerably, to 31.5 million, with life expectancy surging from 67 in 1990 to 73.5 (for women – 75.8) these days. Levels of infant, child and maternity mortality appreciably dropped. All these accomplishments attest to the fact that the Uzbek leaders not only take measures to keep the national economy developing at a steady pace, but give special attention to the improvement of the living standards of all strata and sections of society, and particularly the older generation.

Corresponding statistics leave no doubt on that score. 11.6 trillion Soum and 105 billion Soum have been appropriated from the state budget last year toward the payment of pensions and allowances, respectively (Currency rates of CB RU from 06.07.2015   1$= 2555.60 soums ) At the present, the average pension accounts for 41 per cent of the average wage.

The 13th October Presidential Decree, “On measures to further strengthen the social support of veterans of war and labour front in 1941-1945” is another important contribution to the fulfillment of this year’s priority tasks. The document provides the veterans with an opportunity to undergo a series of treatments and health-improvement procedures at sanitary-prophylactic clinics at the state’s expense once a year at any convenient time. Moreover, different non-state, social and other organizations give material and moral help to this category of citizens, with the scale of such assistance growing from year to year.

As the holy scriptures go and the aged men grown wise with experience confirm, the God does not like lazybones, who never raise a finger for his own good or for the benefit of his family or society. And the following important conclusion inevitably comes to mind: created by people, the economy then serves them faithfully. And thus it is not only the state and corresponding authorities that should attend to the needs of the elderly. All citizens, each of us should take part in this noble job. If we live in peace and friendship and work hard augmenting the nation’s economic power, there will be more guarantees that nobody will ever be in a position to put the evil eye upon us.    

 (Source: «Business partner.uz» newspaper)

 

►The Elderly Carry Kindness and Light

The enormous creative work in all areas of social life in Uzbekistan is aimed at protecting human interests, ensuring family welfare, and bringing up children as decent members of the society.

The declaration of 2015 as The Year of Attention and Care for the Senior Generation bears testimony to the attention lavished on everyone, all the people living next to us.

AS A NATIONAL PROVERB GOES: The house is reigned by kindness and light if it is inhabited by elderly people”. The level of cultural development of any society is primarily determined by the true concern for the older generation. Manifestation of respect and esteem in Uzbekistan is an integral part of spiritual life.

Indeed, the atmosphere of kindness and light, warmth and prosperity is common in the households where elders live, since the achievements of the present day are regarded as a huge merit of our parents and grandparents. Suffice it to recall how they defended their Motherland, our homeland from the horrors of the ‘brown plague’ during the war of 1941-1945, bravely worked behind enemy lines, showing unprecedented dedication, restored the republic, raised its economic, cultural and spiritual potential. We are all deeply indebted to them.

Uzbekistan is home to about 2.9 million people above 60. Close care for veterans, for every elderly person, enriching the lives of our loved ones, filling them with joy and happiness is our mission in the current year and for the future.

Since the first years of independence Uzbekistan has been pursuing a large-scale policy of development of the social sector, providing veterans with targeted support. For example, the May 30, 2011 Presidential Decree on additional measures for further intensification of social protection of the lonely elderly people, pensioners and people with disabilities for 2011-2015 has scaled up the efforts to raise the quality of life of older people, ensuring their welfare, and strengthening the logistical capacity of medical and social institutions.                As of 2015, veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945 are welcome to get free treatment at health resorts of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, Council of Federation of Trade Unions, government and economic authorities once a year and at optional time. Every year on the threshold of Remembrance and Honor Day, President Islam Karimov issues a Decree stipulating financial encouragement for participants and the disabled of the World War Two, which is financial, spiritual and psychological support for them. This year, every veteran received a one-off cash award of 700,000 soums (currency rates of CB RU from 30.06.2015   1$= 2555.60 soums).  

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BROAD RANGE OF MEASURES on further raising the level and quality of life of the elderly people, extension of their financial and moral support, improvement of social, pension and health care was empowered by the national program  of the Year of Attention and Care for the Senior Generation.

   The document reinforces the targeted social protection and support of the elderly with the priority to the veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945, expands the list of social and personal services for the elderly, especially the lonely elderly and people with disabilities.

For example, this year, each participant of the war of 1941-1945 is provided with free domestically produced TV and mobile phone, free 60 minutes of local and long-distance outgoing calls per month without a subscription fee. Veterans of war and labor front, heading for the health resorts, are entitled with a free railway travel once a year.

The elderly have received and are using the opportunity of free access to cinemas, theaters, museums, concert performances and other cultural and enlightenment events. ‘Asr Bilan Yuzma-Yuz’ (Face to Face with the Epoch) rallies and other initiatives honor the people aged 100 years or older.

The lonely elderly and those in need of social support are covered by the campaign that provides them with furniture and household items, clothing, fiction, and sets of table games.

Representatives of the older generation are also invited to tour historical sites in each region of the country, and to the regional contests like the ‘Best Mahalla’s Festive Area', and the ‘Older Generation as a Family Support’.

The national program the Year of Attention and Care for the Senior Generation has invested a total of 2.25 trillion soums and $229.6 million of equivalent for the implementation of these noble deeds.

ONE OF THE PRIORITIES OF THE NATIONAL PROGRAM comes to raising the level and quality of health and social services for veterans and the elderly, expansion of preventive measures, enhancement of coverage and accessibility of modern methods of treatment.

The new year has started with the medical examination of the elderly in the rural health centers and family health centers across the country. It was carried out by general practitioners with the involvement of employees of central district clinics. Together with specialists from the leading republican specialized medical centers and medical institutes, general practitioners reached every one of 150,000 old people living in remote and inaccessible areas of the republic. The doctors examined the seniors domiciliary in case if they could not visit a hospital for health reasons. This way the veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945, pensioners, the seniors with disabilities and the lonely elderly were fully covered with in-depth medical examination.

Treatment of the examined people is currently underway at medical institutions. Nearly 3,000 elderly patients with complicated diseases of the joints, eyes, cardiovascular and other diseases that require the high-tech treatment, have been forwarded to the republican hospitals. The patients with the most common diseases undergo treatment at regional multidisciplinary medical facilities. The Ministry of Health and republican medical institutions have been working on the introduction of advanced diagnostic and treatment technologies at regional medical centers. To date, they have already performed about 300 demonstration operations and over 100 master classes.

The state takes care of those who receive outpatient treatment. The procedure of preferential and free provision of medicines has been streamlined. The list of drugs provided to lonely pensioners and veterans of the war and labor front of 1941-1945 was replenished with modern drugs for treatment of various diseases.

As of 2015, war and labor veterans have received the opportunity to improve health once a year at the country’s best health resorts that provide special conditions for leisure with optimal use for health. Several thousand people have already used this opportunity.

Different kinds of social organizations have been contributing to the implementation of the national program. For instance, ‘Soghlom Avlod Uchun’ International Charity Fund organized mobile medical and social aid teams to conduct in-depth medical examination of the population, particularly veterans, women and children, at the place of their residence. The awareness raising campaigns on healthy lifestyles have been organized for the benefit of the population. As a result of such actions, more than 95,000 residents of Karakalpakstan, the regions and the Tashkent city were examined in five months of 2015.

ANOTHER IMPORTANT MISSION OF THE NATIONAL PROGRAM is to bring the organization of life and leisure of seniors up to a new level, establish communication centers, interest clubs and conditions for physical culture and sports for them in districts and local communities.

Recreation parks are in the spotlight. The program for 2015 schedules the construction of 29 new and reconstruction of 18 parks, six parks are overhauled and three are repaired. All the country’s 225 parks are currently arranging special areas for relaxation and comfort of the elderly, including conversation areas, grounds for playing chess and checkers, reading national and regional newspapers and magazines.

Culture and leisure centers have been streamlining their activities as well. The Ministry of Culture and Sport and its social partners focus on supporting the folklore and ethnographic groups that comprise veterans, as they contribute to the preservation of traditions and customs of the peoples of Uzbekistan. Such teams are assisted in organizing concerts, purchasing musical instruments and costumes, providing facilities and rooms for rehearsals and performances. Culture and leisure centers also offer communication and interest clubs, where the elderly can watch popular movies and listen to classical music.

A TEAHOUSE is turning into a kind of a unique center of attraction for the older generation under the national program. Elders come there to talk, share the latest news, and watch special television programs, plays and films, so their establishment has been intensified this year.

For example, a teahouse for seniors has been opened in the Akhmad Farghoni Park in Fergana. The comfortable place has become a nice gift for the veterans, because nothing can be compared with a heartfelt conversation over a cup of tea, playing chess, and watching TV with friends. Such teahouses are currently being built for elders in all districts and local communities of the region.

‘Golden Heritage’, a communication center for the elderly, has opened in Namangan. It was built by the regional office of the ‘Oltin Meros’ International Charity Fund with the support of sponsors. Occupying nearly a hectare, the buildings in the national architectural style and aiwans (verandas) around the fountain provide venerable mothers and fathers with nice conditions for relaxation and entertaining conversations. The rooms are equipped with a TV, a fridge and other accessories. The amateurs playing chess and checkers, reading newspapers and magazines, are offered separate rooms. There are tables for table tennis. Many fruit and decorative trees and the microclimate have caught the seniors’ fancy.

The authorities improve conditions for active lifestyles. This issue has been addressed not only through the organization of competitions among the elderly in various sports. Every citizens’ assembly at a local community runs permanent health groups for the elderly, the people with disabilities and other categories of the population on the basis of the nearby sports facilities, educational institutions, medical offices, physical culture rooms at family polyclinics, as well as special sports facilities in festivity areas and maintenance centers. Local communities have been actively involved in the implementation of objectives of the Year of Attention and Care for the Senior Generation throughout the country. For example, it has become a good tradition in Urikzor Mahalla of Yakkasaray district of Tashkent to organize trips to ancient cities and places of worship for the elderly, war and labor veterans. Respect and comprehensive support for the elderly, incorporation of their rich life experience in upbringing of the younger generation has been a priority.

Located on the territory of the local community, a small teahouse was fitted out with furniture, supplied with radio and periodicals. The Social Support Commission of the citizens' assembly has been strongly supporting the lonely elderly citizens, veterans of war and labor, ensuring the timely payment of pensions, issuance of benefits and other social allowances. For instance, seriously ill elders Mrs. Sodikova, Mr. Mirrahimov and Mrs Umarova were assisted in timely payment of utility bills and treatment. Young men and women, the members of the Diligent Youth Club, regularly visit the elderly with no survivor care, help them with housekeeping.

The noble initiatives on assisting the older people have been carried out across the country. Respect for the elderly is a century-old feature of the Uzbek nation. It was preserved in the communities and has been developing and acquiring new dimensions.

The implementation of the national program the Year of Attention and Care for the Senior Generation has been gaining momentum. Each day brings positive news: a new festive area has been opened in a local community for the interesting leisure of elders, a meeting of two generations or a trip to Samarkand, an exhibition or competition. The unique document is designed not only for 2015, but for the years ahead, since all the attention and care of the dear veterans, embodiment of their noble features cannot by limited to any program or certain period of time, it will be in action forever, as long as life goes, families prosper, and the experience of the older generation is demanded in the upbringing of the youth. The feeling of deep satisfaction and gratitude for the attention and care is reflected in a peaceful and quiet life of people, and in their confidence in the future.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

►TO REVERE THE MEMORY OF THE FALLEN, TO CARE FOR THE SENIOR GENERATION IS OUR SACRED DUTY

At the initiative of President Islam Karimov, 9 May – the Day of Memory and Deference is widely celebrated in our country as a national holiday.

Memory is eternal, reverence is sacrosanct.

Peace and calmness, harmony and wellbeing are reigning in Uzbekistan. Such values and feelings as respect for the elderly, care for the juniors, kindness and nobility are getting fixed firmly in the hearts of people. Reverence for the memory of ancestors, continuation of their gracious deeds, deference for the senior generation that facilitates by example the consolidation of tranquility and cohesion in our society, the prosperity of the nation, have become an integral part of our life.

Steadfast have been the endeavors dedicated to boost the health of the seniors and create all the favorable conditions for securing their welfare.

In accordance with the Decree of head of our state on measures to further reinforce the social support for veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945, signed 13 October 2014, the scope and scale of their social protection has been expanded even more. In particular, the veterans of war and labor battlefields have been granted the opportunity to enjoy a treatment course in sanatoria and health improvement institutions once a year for free.

On the initiative of President Islam Karimov, the year 2015 was announced in our country as the one of Consideration and Care for the Senior Generation.

As part of the national program adopted in this respect, noble efforts have been underway designed to further uplift the standards and quality of life of the older generation people and enhance the scope of moral and material support for them.

The presidential decrees to award the citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan – veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945 with memorable jubilee medal “Ikkinchi Jahon Urushidagi Ghalabaning 70 Yilligi” (The Seventieth Anniversary of the Victory in the Second World War), inked 19 February 2015, and to encourage the participants of the 1941-1945 war, penned 6 March this year, have come to be a logical extension of the efforts undertaken to revere the representatives of the senior generation. In line with these documents, participants of the war were presented during solemn and festive events with jubilee medals, money rewards and holiday gifts.

The decree signed 14 April 2015 by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan on additional measures to further reinforce the social protection and material support for the senior generation has become a supplementary stimulus and an immense spiritual support for the veterans.

The celebration of the Day of Memory and Deference in the Year of Consideration and Care for the Senior Generation multiplies even more the significance of this holiday, which is marked extensively under the slogan “Jasorat, Burch, Matonat” (Courage, Duty, Heroism).

On May 9, the Memory Square in the heart of Tashkent was crowded from the very early hours with veterans of war and labor, senators and lower house legislators, government members, military servicemen, and representatives of the wider public. Those gathered enjoy the tender music in the air.

President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov entered the square in the afternoon and laid a wreath, under the sounds of the military orchestra, to the monument of Mourning Mother.

The leader of Uzbekistan revered the memory of our compatriots fallen in the Second World War.

“Today, our people widely celebrate the unforgettable historic date – the seventieth anniversary of the Victory over fascism in the Great Patriotic War,” President Islam Karimov said during a conversation with representatives of mass media. “I take this opportunity to congratulate on this glorious date primarily all our esteemed veterans who displayed courage and daring in that war, who labored selflessly on the home front, and the entire people of Uzbekistan. Without any doubt, our most critical duty is to pay tribute to those who, in the name of the current peaceful life and clear sky, fell in the battlefields. Today, everyone of us is well aware that the Second World War that took the lives of millions and millions of people, that left countless and boundless losses, pain and misery of loss, was the most ruthless and the bloodiest war in the history of the human race, and this truth is not to be forgotten in the world.

As natural as it is, every family, every person in our country is deeply conscious of how great the price had to be paid to achieve triumph over fascism, and aspire to preserve the peace and calmness in our land as the apple of the eye, the head of our state emphasized.

That out of the total 6.5 million people residing then in Uzbekistan more than 1.5 million took part in the war per security, is rather suggestive of the fact that practically a fourth of our population fought with the adversary.

Despite the passage of as many as 70 years, every family nurtures the memory of around half a million of our compatriots died in that in that horrible war, in addition to the myriads of disabled returned from the battleground, women left widows and children orphans.

We will never forget that the people of Uzbekistan, by steadily overcoming all the difficulties and predicaments of the war times, labored tirelessly day and night and thus made a tremendous contribution to the victory, Islam Karimov stressed.

After all, is it possible to forget that our nation admitted about a million people evacuated to Uzbekistan, including children, and shared the last slice of bread they had, with words “You are not an orphan!”, and gave them not only the dwelling place, but also demonstrated the best possible human qualities toward them like compassion, generosity and nobility?

Humanism and spiritual values, kindness and breadth of soul of a people are manifest brightly in such thorny times.

For their valor and bravery on the battlefield, 338 of our fathers and grandfathers were awarded the title “Hero of the Soviet Union”, while thousands and thousands of our compatriots were awarded combat orders and medals, and all this is a practical proof of the genuine heroism of our nation in the fight with fascism.

17 years ago, we announced the 9th of May– Victory Day as the Day of Memory and Reverence in our country, and today, with the passage of time, the life itself confirms how correct that decision was, President Karimov noted.

We adopted it building on our national traditions and by deeply sensing that in the course of years and centuries, the memory of our nation who has witnessed loads of trials in its history and who never bowed its head before the enemy, will bear eternally the bright names of selfless sons and daughters who sacrificed their lives in the name of the freedom of the Motherland, the peaceful and tranquil life. Thus, it is really legitimate that the institution of the Day of Memory and Reverence by us has found the broadest possible endorsement by our citizens.

(Source: Press-service of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan)

►WE REMEMBER, WE HONOR

On May 9, Uzbekistan marks two dates: Remembrance and Honor Day and the 70th Anniversary of the Victory over Fascism in the 1941-1945 War. However, the grand, special and festive air has been felt for several months.

This year, Uzbekistan has enhanced the care for veterans of war and labor front and broad advocacy of the resilience, courage and heroism they had demonstrated during the war.

LAVISHED WITH CARE

The people of Uzbekistan remember the enormous contribution of their grandfathers and great-grandfathers to the victory over fascism. The commemoration has been promoted by the implementation of the provisions of the Presidential Decree 'On the preparation and conduct of the national holiday of the Remembrance and Honor Day'. A diversity of events on the occasion of the date has been underway across the country. War and labor veterans of 1941-1945 have been given personal support. This year, the events are being held under the motto 'Feat, Duty, Resilience'. They have involved authorities, public organizations, health and social institutions, culture and art professionals, athletes, and servicemen.

"We are grateful for the attention and care we nave been given. I am in excellent health and mood owing to the care of the state and the society, peace and tranquility in Uzbekistan," says labor veteran Vahobjon Oripov, a resident of Kurkam Mahalla in Tashkent.. "I believe that a country that remembers and honors elderly people and their contributions will prosper for ever."

Central and regional television and radio channels broadcast documentaries and feature films, enrich the newscasts with stories entitled 'May 9 - Remembrance and Honor Day'. Talk snows reveal the essence of such sacred concepts as a rewarding human memory, remembrance of those who passed away, the comprehension of immense courage of heroes. Print and online publications are making a significant contribution to the commemoration by covering the present-day life of war and labor veterans, and their contribution to the common cause. The country's leading publishers have issued a collection of works about the Second World War and veterans.

Recreation parks, streets and squares will host theatrical performances, cultural and educational rallies, sports events under the slogan 'For Peace on the Globe'. Young people will take part in sports tournaments and a charity marathon on the occasion of the Remembrance and Honor Day.

All educational institutions will conduct peace lessons and spiritual and educational activities entitled 'Meeting of Generations', 'Attention and Care for the Senior Generation', 'Honor and Respect' involving veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945, veterans and representatives of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan. The Ministry of Higher and Secondary Education jointly with representatives of universities held a conference 'No Future without Historical Memory' .All mentioned and many other events at educational institutions, organizations and military units are aimed at ensuring the continuity of generations, cultivation of a sense of love for the motherland and respect for the older generation in young people.

"Arrangement of meetings with war and labor veterans on the eve of the Remembrance and Honor Day is a long tradition," says Shakira Mamatova, a student of school №3 of Qibray district in Tashkent region. "Communication with them is a chance for the young to further explore the history of our multinational people, to learn appreciating peace and tranquility in our country."

THE VICTORY WE SHARE

These days we are commemorating the contribution of the Uzbek people to the victory over fascism. According to the Nuroniy Public Foundation, World War Two involved more than 1.4 million Uzbek people, over 400,000 of them died, and 130,000 went missing. Today, there are more than 3 000 participants of the war, and about 70,000 veterans of the labor front in Uzbekistan. There is hardy family that was not affected to a certain extent by World War Two, which, according to historians, affected 80% of the world population .

Participation in the fight against fascism did not necessarily require going to the battlefield - people needed manpower. 100 industrial enterprises were evacuated to Uzbekistan during the war. The country's leaders and industries were entrusted with providing those enterprises with the workforce.

It was a tough challenge, as most of the able-bodied men, including many skilled workers and technical staff, went to the battlefield. Thousands of women at factories voluntarily learned the professions that had been previously regarded as male jobs. Over 20,000 women worked at factories and plants in the first months of the war in Tashkent.

Owing to the labor enthusiasm of the local population, the factories that were relocated to Uzbekistan, reached their full capacity by the middle of the first halt of 1942, supplying the battlefield with military equipment, ammunition, outfit, and clothing. That was the time when new industrial towns of Chirchik, Angren, Bekabad, Yangiyo'l appeared on the map.

During the Second World War, Uzbekistan played an important role in addressing the food problem. Adolescents came to help rural workers. Uzbekistan met not only the domestic needs, but also supplied agricultural product to the areas liberated from the Nazis. That was possible through the mobilization of internal resources, expansion of acreage and increase of the yields of grain, vegetables and livestock foods maintaining the previous volumes of cotton production. During those tough years, the farmers had to plow the previously idle agricultural lands, and build new irrigation facilities. This way, numerous irrigation canals appeared throughout the country.

During the war, Uzbekistan became the second home for a huge number of people that were evacuated from the war zone. Local people took care of them, provided shelter, food, and clothing. Particular attention was given to children who had lost their parents.

Uzbekistan saved more than 1.5 million people from starvation and death, including almost 300,000 children of different nationalities from Russia, including the besieged Leningrad, Belarus, Poland and Ukraine. All of them found shelter and care while many found new families. The Second World War left its trace on all aspects of people's life, and even in the work of research institutions. The challenges of war changed the peaceful focus of research papers. All areas of research were reviewed in line with the needs of the front and the national economy. Uzbek scientists were greatly supported by their colleagues from evacuated academic institutions. The mathematicians Niyazov and Sarymsakov, geologists Abdullayev, Uklonsky, philosopher Muminov, chemists Sadvkov and Yunusov power engineering specialist Askochensky contributed to the development of the defense industry, mechanical engineering, the discovery of new mineral deposits.

Researchers developed new varieties of cotton, worked on coking domestic coal and other fuels, and increasing the production of medicines. Doctors were busy with advancing surgical and neurosurgical treatment, contributing to the rehabilitation of wounded solders. Writers and artists left a trace as well. Hamid Olimjon, Ghafur Ghulom, Abdulla Kahhar, Oibek and others glorified patriotism and love for the motherland.

MORE THAN JUST WORDS

Solemn ceremonies of awarding veterans ot war and labor front of 1941-1945 with the commemorative anniversary medal 'Ikkinchi Jahon urushidagi §h^baning 70 yilligi' (70th Anniversary of Victory '"the World War Two' and a lump sump payment on behalf of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan have taken place on the holiday's eve nationwide. Those who could not come to the event have been visited at home. Region and district mayors, representatives of departments of the Ministry of Defense, Nuroniy Foundation and other organizations also met with veterans. The veterans living in Sahovat and Muruvvat mercy homes were visited as well.

"We live in a country where people are valued, says resident of Yukori Mirzaobod village of Asaka district of Andijan region, participant of the Second World War Muhammad ota Bozorov. "We often meet guests at home these days: representatives of municipality, local community activists, and doctors from the local clinic. They ask about my health, congratulate. Such respect inspires us, the elderly, and gives us strength."

Ceremonies and concerts are being held everywhere The events to commemorate the gone and honor the alive have been held throughout the country at the initiative of Nuroniy Foundation. For instance the veterans of Tashkent were received at the Turkiston Palace of Arts.

The concert program comprised the songs of the war years and contemporary compositions. A few days ago the Council of Federation of Trade Unions organized cultural and educational events for the veterans that recreate in the Botanika and Buston sanatoriums of Kibray district in Tashkent region. The campaigns are held at municipal and village scales, in separate local communities, and organizations. As a rule, they present veterans with valuable gins.

Incentives for veterans of the Second World War and the labor front of 1941-1945 will be continued Under the national program the Year of Attention and Care for the Senior Generation they will also be presented with the domestically produced modern television sets and cell.

The elder people of Karakalpakstan, regions and Tashkent city are invited to concert programs 'Melodies of the War Years' with the involvement of students of children s music and art schools.

Health of veterans has been in the spotlight. They have undergone a thorough medical examination. Those in need of a high-tech specialized treatment received preferential vouchers for multifunctional specialized research medical centers, clinics, and research institutions. Nurses and doctors render medical aid at the place of residence to those who cannot visit a hospital for health reasons. Veterans are provided with essential drug kits, free medicines prescribed by doctors for outpatient treatment.

"I have celebrated my 95th anniversary, and my health does not allow me going out,"  says World War Two veteran Tursunkul ota Rakhimov of Jizzakh district "A team of  doctors came to my home the other day with  equipment, and prescribed some treatment,  after which I felt better."

The country's best health resorts provide every war and labor front veteran of 1941-1945 with the opportunity for free treatmen . Starting with this year, each of them gets a treatment. Resorts have prepared for the implementation of the President's Decree in advance. They opened specialized departments.

"A few days ago, I got back from the Tovoqsoy sanatorium," says labor veteran Usman Khakimov of Tashkent. "The recreation was both useful and enjoyable. I took some treatment and received useful advice on how to maintain my health at my age."

The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, the Nuroniy Foundation, and the Red Crescent Society of Uzbekistan in cooperation with local community committees have been implementing a range of measures to provide targeted humanitarian assistance to the veterans of war and Tabor front of 1941 -1945, including the beautification and repair of their homes.

NOT ONLY ON HOLIDAYS

Independent Uzbekistan remembers and honors the contribution of the Uzbek people to the victory over fascism. Much has been done to ensure that commemoration is expressed in the everyday care.

Located on the territory of the country's central Independence Square, Remembrance Square is a major place of worship of all those who perished in one of the bloodiest wars in world history. The names of all Uzbeks killed in the war are carved on the pages of the Remembrance Book. The Eternal Flame and the Monument of the Mourning Mother is an inalienable part of the architectural composition.

"I have been to Tashkent many times, but this visit is special for me because I have come to the Eternal Flame with my son for the first time," said Shukhrat Matyakubov from Urgench. 'The Book of Remembrance has a record of my grandfather and my father, who never returned from the battlefield. I want my children to know and remember them; appreciate the peace and harmony in our country."

Dozens of memorial complexes have been restored and re-built during the years of independence in Uzbekistan. There are similar remembrance squares in the regions, which record the names of representatives of those regions.

The largest memorial of those killed in World War Two with the symbolic name of "Bed of Honor" has been landscaped as well.

(Source: «Uzbekistan Today» newspaper)

 

►VETERANS OF WAR AWARDED ANNIVERSARY MEDALS

We all bow to our veterans, participants of the Second World War, who selflessly on the battlefields without sparing the life and forces fought against fascism in the name of peace and tranquility of generations. Adopted on February 19 the presidential Decree "On awarding anniversary medals "Ikkinchi Jahon urushidagi g’alabaning 70 yilligi" to citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan - veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945" and the presidential Decree "On the promotion of the participants in the war of 1941-1945" adopted on March 6 of this year, testifies the fact of a deep respect, care and attention to participants of those events in our country.

According to the presidential decree, the Ministry of the Interior and its divisions are carrying out preparation work for the celebration of May 9 - Day of Remembrance and Honor. Ministry officials visit the surviving veterans-participants of the war and the disabled.

In particular, The sports complex "Jar" of Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan hosted a ceremony to which veterans-participants of the war consisting on the account in the central apparatus of the Ministry, Tashkent city and Tashkent region were invited. The Minister of Interior Lieutenant General Ahmedbaev gave a welcoming speech and congratulations to all participants on the Memory and Honor Day. Then, according to the Decree of the Head of State in a solemn ceremony he awarded the participants of the Second World War commemorative medals.

"I'm a very humble member of the war; I am a daughter of the regiment, at the age of 13 I got to the front. I was a nurse and had the rank of soldier. I honestly fulfilled my duty. It was difficult, scary, but we survived and together with you all celebrate the victory. Memorial Day is great, because the memory is the most poignant concept of the human soul. This day we remember those who remained on the battlefield, who lived a life with dignity and was a participant in peace-building, who brings up great-grandchildren.", - says participant in the war of 1941-1945 Valentina Myasnikova.

"The leadership of the Ministry of Interior and the Council of Veterans of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan pays great attention to veterans, those veterans who live and are among us. Attention is devoted to social security, various activities are organized for young people to understand that our veterans have made a great contribution in the development of independence and invested great effort in this noble case."- said the first deputy chairman of the Board of Veterans MIA of the Republic of Uzbekistan Utkir Djuraev.

Note that cultural program diversified this ceremony. After the official part, artists and Song and Dance Ensemble of the ministry performed a concert for the participants of the event.

 

RESPECT FOR VETERANS – OUR FILIAL DUTY

Veteran of the Second World War, 99-year-old Odil-ota Fozilov lives in the Katta Oltintepa mahalla of Mirzo-Ulugbek district of the capital. 

Representatives of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan handed over the veteran with commemorative medal "Ikkinchi jahon urushidagi G’alabaning 70 yilligi", cash prize and gifts in a solemn atmosphere on behalf of President Islam Karimov.

The presidential decrees On awarding of the commemorative medal "Ikkinchi jahon urushidagi G’alabaning 70 yilligi" to the citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan – veterans of war and labor front in 1941-1945 from 19 February 2015 and On rewarding of the participants of the war in 1941-1945 from 6 March of this year serve as the guide in rendering honor and respect to veterans of war and labor front.

In response to the attention, the veteran expressed his gratitude and uttered a prayer that our country has always been peaceful.

"Respect paid by the President of our country for the elderly unspeakably pleases me," says Odil-ota Fozilov. "I rejoice to find my grandchildren and great-grandchildren grow up so healthy and educated people. I live with a sense of gratitude for these bright days. There is no greater happiness than to live in a tranquil, peace time. Let the head of our state always be healthy!"

Listening to his grandfather, 9-year-old great-grandson Bilol asks questions about the military past. Odil-ota says: "I have seen the Victory. But many of my fellow soldiers, friends did not live up to the current bright days. And I am grateful to my fate. My tears are tears of joy and gratitude..."

Events dedicated to May 9 – Day of Memory and Honor continue in all districts and mahallas. In places, with the participation of members of the Public Council at the Ministry of Defense, mahalla activists, representatives of public organizations organize meetings of veterans with youth and various educational events.

www.uza.uz 

 

►ALWAYS IN GOOD SHAPE

In Jizzakh region inhabited by more than 60 people whose age has stepped hundred years. Among centenarians Elena Ukhova of mahalla "Navruz" in regional center. Although years are passing, but the veteran of labor raised three children, trying to keep herself in good shape.

Ukhova always cheerful, interested in reforms implemented in the country, interested in the situation in the world, meets with representatives of the younger generation. According to her, the secret of longevity is quite simple - an active lifestyle ( Elena tries to get up early, more to be in motion, to do any household chores), peace and tranquility in the country, the conditions created in the country for the older generation.

- The strength and courage also give attention and care on the part of relatives, neighbors, community organizations, local authorities, the state as a whole, - says long-living woman. - For example, on the eve of the Christmas holidays I was visited by representatives of regional governor's office, expressed their warm wishes, presented valuable gifts. Often I'm visited by local young people. I am glad that today's young men and women with worship relate to older people and always willing to help and assist. I admire the fact that our grandchildren and great-grandchildren have all the conditions for the acquisition of knowledge and skills, career development, unlocking the creative and intellectual potential. The feeling of satisfaction, to feel proud of their homeland also help overcome any age ailments, prolong life.

To this we can only add that the Uzbek people consider it their moral duty to take care of elders who have rich experience of life, made an invaluable contribution to the strengthening of peace, harmony and happiness in every family, social stability. Therefore, every year in the country increased levels of life expectancy, reduced the number of diseases that often overtake people in old age.

 

►METROPOLITAN ZOO WILL BE FREE FOR PENSIONERS

At the initiative of the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov, the year 2015 declared as a "Year of attention and care for the older generation".

In this regard, according to the order of the Main Department for Culture and Sports of Tashkent, from March 1, 2015, the entry to the Tashkent Zoo during 2015 for the old-age pensioners will be free of charge, reports information service of metropolitan Zoo.

 

►WHEN WE SING, WE GETTING YOUNGER

Even in 70 years old one may stay young in soul, perform on the big stage when the country concerned not only about the recovery of pensioners, veterans of war and labor, but also the organization of their cultural leisure.

One of the leaders in this area is a state enterprise "Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Complex" (NMMC), staff of which was encouraged by the initiative of the head of state to declare 2015 the Year of care and attention for the senior generation.

Former employees of the plant and a number of other companies in the region, having retired, do not get bored, because for their active leisure created all necessary conditions. Some, for example, singing in the choir of the People's war and labor veterans of the Palace of Culture "Farhad", which is headed by Lyudmila Nazarenko.

Her repertoire of this collective includes patriotic, classical, folk and lyrical songs. There are already totaled more than 70 tracks. The choir is known not only in Navoi, but also in Tashkent, Samarkand and other cities of the country. Today, there are more than 40 people engaged in creative work . The eldest is 80 years old.

- Chorus - an outlet for the elderly, - says Nazarenko. - They like to walk here, learn songs, sing songs. Together with the national Academic Choir also organize joint evening of vocal music. I must admit that elderly people set the tone in the Palace of Culture. They toured with concerts by region and country perform successfully at national festivals and competitions. Choir Prize winner of the Federation Council of Trade Unions, the Republican contest of choirs. Choir has 31 diploma and 6 degrees of urban and regional khokimiyats, the Ministry of Culture and Sports.

Members of the team are full of creative strength and energy. This year they are working on updating the repertoire to please listeners with new solo and vocal numbers.

- When we sing, we are like getting younger - says member of the choir since its inception eighty-years-old Anna Don. - Its cheering up, pressure lowers, that is the key to good health. A kind of therapy. In addition, not only do we rehearse and perform, but also make friends, communicate with each other. Together we celebrate birthdays, anniversaries. We even have familial couples formed.

Grandmothers and grandfathers are singing also in Russian folk singing choir "Willow", which also set the tone and show an example to the younger participants. It should be noted that the plant veterans are honored guests of all celebrations. Recently, on the anniversary of HMP-1 were invited 130 people who have worked there all their life. Thanks to these people, who have grown a lot of highly skilled professionals and genuine professionals, NMMC has made significant industrial strides and today multiplies the number of significant achievements in Uzbekistan. 

 

► SUPPORT ALL 365 DAYS OF YEAR

This year, on the proposal of the President declared the Year of attention and care for the older generation. Speaking at the solemn meeting dedicated to 22th anniversary of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov emphasized that the level of cultural development of any society is primarily determines the real attention and care of the elderly.

Full attention to the veterans of production, the elderly have many organizations, implementing financial and moral support, including the Council of the Federation of Trade Unions.

Recently, the head of state adopted a decree "On measures to further strengthen the social support of veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945", according to which veterans of war and labor front of 1941-1945 have the right once a year in terms acceptable to them for from the state budget to receive a course of improvement in health establishments of the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, the Council of Federation of trade unions and government and economic management of the country.

Council of the Federation of Trade Unions at the expense of developed status. On January sanatorium systems of trade unions of the country took the first war veterans and labor front, arriving to them under permits issued in accordance with the presidential decree. In order to create additional conditions for rehabilitation and recreation veterans of war and labor front, and improve the level and quality of care in the health resorts of the trade unions as much as possible on the lower floors closer to the treatment rooms arranged new modern branch of veterans of war and labor front. Carried out large-scale construction and renovation work. In particular, sleeping and medical buildings, bathrooms, showers adapted for the convenience of elderly people, the rooms are equipped with modern furniture. In addition, veterans are additional lighting and direct communication with the doctor on duty. There is also provided to physiotherapy treatment department, as well as massage rooms and of the procedures were located near the offices of veterans. To each of them additionally secured by qualified medical officer. This provides continuous monitoring of their health and well-being. And of course, deliberately came to power in sanatoriums special contingent. According to their wish of a dining room prepared diet foods rich in vitamins.

Each health resort further provided ten wheelchairs, and for ease of movement in the dining room, in the treatment rooms are laid special paths. Veterans can not live a day without fresh information and news. Because each room is equipped with a TV and radio, delivered periodicals. In addition, organizing the work on organizing meetings with the participation of three generations of veterans, rest in sanatoriums, there are concerts of famous artists and young performers, provided tourist excursions, visits to theaters.

In the tradition of the Council of Federation of Trade Unions to conduct an annual event "Unions - veterans." Within its framework, on the eve of the Day of Memory and Honor trade union organizations provide targeted assistance to the oldest. For example, last year it was granted 3,868 World War II veterans living in different regions of the country. And 60 people on on the eve of sacred holiday by free vouchers had a rest in sanatoriums "Turon", "Aktash," "Chartak", "Chinobod", "Botanika", "Buston", "Zaamin", "Kasansoy".

Overall in 2014, 15 health centers, operating in the trade unions, improved their health almost 30 thousand pensioners and war veterans. This year, the republican health resort reopened its doors to them. Concern about the health of the older generation is a manifestation of respect and honor their great achievements.